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Il criterio era rigoroso, e credo sia lo stesso seguito dai servizi segreti:

Il criterio era rigoroso, e credo sia lo stesso seguito dai servizi segreti:

non ci sono informazioni migliori delle altre,

il potere sta nello schedarle tutte, e poi cercare le connessioni.

Le connessioni ci sono sempre, basta volerle trovare .

Umberto Eco

Il pendolo di Foucault

Milano 1988

 

Das Kriterium war streng, und ich glaube, es ist dasselbe, das auch die Geheimdienste anwenden:

Keine Information ist weniger wert als die andere,

das Geheimnis besteht darin, sie alle zu sammeln und dann Zusammenhänge

zwischen ihnen zu suchen.

Zusammenhänge gibt es immer, man muß sie nur finden wollen.

Umberto Eco

Das Foucaultsche Pendel

deutsche Übersetzung von Burkhart Kroeber, München 1989

 

I had a strict rule, which I think secret services follow, too:

No piece of information is superior to any other.

Power lies in the having them all on file and then finding the connections.

There are always connections; you have only to want to find them.

Umberto Eco

Foucault’s Pendulum

English translation by William Weaver, New York 1989

 

Or does this meet the content?

So Geographers in Afric-Maps
With Savage-Pictures fill their Gaps;
And o'er unhabitable Downs
Place Elephants for want of Towns.

Jonathan Swift
On Poetry: A Rapsody.
Re-printed in London, 1733.

Find it out!

You will find HERE
the poet's pedigree


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Verzeichnis von Orden

Verzeichnis von Orden

 

Teil 1: Abkürzungen der Ordensnamen

                               Zum Teil 2: Staaten und ihre Orden

 

[27J]                  Orden 27 de Junio

[A]                      Bay - Sankt Annenorden []

[A-X]                Es - Orden Civil de Alfonso X. el Sabio [1902-]

[AB]                  Anhalt - Hausorden Albrechts des Bären [1836]

[Ac]                   Es - Ordén de Alcántara []

[Af]                    Es - Orden de Africa [1933-]

[Al]                     Sachsen - Albrechtsorden [1850]

[AL]                   Fr - Ordre des Arts et des Lettres []

[AM]                 Mx - Orden Imperial del Aguila Mexicana [1865-]
Gran Maestre, Caballero con Collar, Caballero Gran Cruce, Gran Official, Comendador; Oficial, Caballero

[AN]                  Lx - Herzoglich Nasauischer Miltär- und Civil-Verdienst-Orden Adolphs von Nassau [1858-]
Großkreuzritter, Komtur I. Klasse, Komtur II. Klasse, Ritter

[An]                   Sav- It - xIt - Ordine supremo della Sante Annunziata []

[APe]                Pe - Orden Militar de Ayacucho [1944-]

[Av]                   Pt - Avis-Orden

[B]                       England/ Great Britain/ United Kingdom - Order of the Bath []

[Ba]                    Cst - Orden de la Caballeria de la Banda [1332-1474]

[Be]                    Es - Orden de la Beneficencia [1856-]

[B-I]                   Baden - Orden Bertholds I. von Zähringen [1877]

[BH]                  Ci - Orden de Bernardo O’Higgins [1956-]

[BK]                  Bayern - Verdienst-Orden der Bayerischen Krone [1808]

[BO]                  Pl - Order Orła Białego [1705-1831]

[BO]                  Ru - Orden Belogo Orla [1731-1917]

[Bo]                   Co - Orden de Boyacá [1818-]

[C-III]              Es - Ordén de Carlos III. [1772]

[C-XIII]          Schweden - Konung Carls XIII:s Orden

[CA]                  Bo - Orden del Cóndor de los Andes [1925-]

[Cam]               Fr - Ordre du Camail [1394-Ł1600]

[CB]                  Belgien - Ordre de la Couronne de Belgique []

[CC]                  Lx - Ordre de la Couronne de Chęne [1841-]
Chevalier Grand-Croix, Grand-Officier, Commandeur, Officier, Chevalier

[CG]                  Parma - Konstantin-Orden von St. Georg []

[CGe]               Fr - Ordre de la Cosse de Genęt []

[Ch]                   Cy - Ordre de Chypre [1195-1571]; /Ordre de l’ Epée /Ordre du Silence.

[Ci]                     Es - Orden de Cisneros [1944-]

[CI]                    It - Ordine della Corona d' Italia [1868-1946] č xIt

[CI]                    xIt - Ordine della Corona d' Italia [1946-1983] ç It č Ordine del Merito di Savoia [1988-]

[CMC]             Cu - Orden Nacional de Mérito „Carlos Manuel de Céspedes“ [1926-]

[Cn]                   DS - Sacro militare Ordine Constantiano di San Giorgio []

[Co]                   Brasilien Orden des Columbus [1890]

[Col]                  Savoyen - Ordine del Collare [1360 /1362] č1364 [An]

[Cr]                    Vatikan - Ordine supremo del Cristo []

[CRS]              Bö - Ritterorden der Kreuzherren mit dem roten Stern [1233-]

[Cs]                    Portugal - Ordem de Christo [1318]

[CSG]              Parma - Sacro Imperiale Angelico Ordine Costantiniano di San Georgio [1816]

[Cv]                   Es -Ordén de Calatrava.

[Cz]                    Brasilien Ordem Imperial do Cruzeiro [1820]

[GM]                 Vatikan - Ordine di San Gregorio Magno []               

[Da]                    Dk - Dannebrogsordenen [1219]

[Dr]                    - Drachenorden []

[DS]                   DS - Reale Ordine delle Due Sicilie [1808-1819]

[Dt]                     - Deutscher Ritterorden []

[E]                       Bay - St. Elisabethorden [1766]

[EKr]                 Ös - Orden der Eisernen Krone  []

[El]                      Dänemark - Elefantordenen [1462]

[Eli]                    Österreich - Elisabeth-Orden [1898]

[Er]                     Sizilien-Neapel - Ordine dell’Ermellino [1488]

[ET]                   Österreich - Elisabeth-Orden [1750] č Elisabeth-Theresien-Orden [1771]

[F-I]                   DS - Reale Ordine di Francesco I. [1829-]

[Fi]                      Baden - Orden de la Fidelité [1715] ↔ Orden der Treue []
Ritter

[FJ]                     Österreich - Franz-Josephs-Orden [1849]

[FL]                   Fr - Ordre de la Flor de Lis de la Vendée []

[FMVe]           Orden Francisco de Miranda

[G]                      England/ Great Britain/ United Kingdom - Order of the Garter []        

[Gg]                   Hannover - Sankt Georgsorden []

[GL]                  Lx - Orden vom Goldenen Löwen des Hauses Nassau [1858-]

[GM]                 Ci - Orden al Mérito Docente y Cultural Gabriela Mistral [1977-]

[Gn]                   Brandenburg - Ordre de la Génerosité []

[Gu]                   Mx - Orden Imperial de Guadalupe [1822-]
Mx - Orden de Guadalupe [1853-]
Mx - Orden Imperial de Guadalupe [1865-]

[H]                      Bay - St. Hubertusorden [1444]

[HG]                  Bay & pBay - Haus-Ritterorden vom heiligen Georg []

[HH]                  Hohenzollern - Hohenzollernscher Hausorden []

[HJ]                    ? - Orden der Heiligen Jungfrau []

[HS]                   England - Order of the Holy Sepulchre [1174-1534]

[HVEc]           Ec - Orden Nacional Honorato Vásquez [1985-]

[HUPe]            Pe - Orden Hipolito Unanue []

[HVO]             Oldenburg - Haus- und Verdienstorden für das Großherzogtum Oldenburg [1838-1918]

[I]                         Ungarn - Szent István Rend [1764]              

[IC]                    Es - Real Orden de Isabel la Catolica

[IF]                     Island - Ordenen „den islandske Falk“ [1921]          

[J]                        Preußen, England etc. - Johanniterorden []

[JA]                    Ara - Orden de San Jorge de Alfama [1201-1400]

[JAP]                Ve - Orden José Antonio Páez

[JCV]                Hn - Ordén Civil de José Cecilio del Valle [1957-]

[JG]                    Ara - Orden de la Jarra y el Grifo [1410-]

[JGP]                Pe - Orden al Mérito del Servicio Diplomático de la República del Perú José Gregorio Paz Soldán [2007-]

[JMD]               Sv - Ordén de José Matías Delgado

[Jo]                     - Josefsorden []                 

[KF]                   Baden - Militär-Karl-Friedrichs-Verdienstorden [1807]           

[L]                       Pre - Luisenorden []

[LB]                   Belgien - Ordre du Lion Belge

[LC]                   Sic - Ordine della Luna Crescente [1268-~1351]

[LC]                   Sic - Ordine della Luna Crescente [1448-1460]

[LH]                   Fr - Ordre de la Légion d' Honneur [1791]

[Lib]                  Orden del Libertador

[LMCi]            Ci - Legión de Mérito de Chile [1817-1825]

[Lp]                    Ös - Leopoldsorden [1808]

[Lp-II]              Be - Leopold II. Orden []

[M]                     SMOM - Souveräner Malteser-Ritterorden

[M-DS]           DS - Ordine della Merita []

[MA]                 Fr - Ordre du Mérit Agricole []

[MAEs]           Es - Orden del Mérito Aeronáutico [2003-]

[MAgEs]        Es - Orden Civil del Mérito Agricola

[MaL]               Es - Real Orden de la Reina María Luisa [1792-1808, 1816-]
Dame Noble

[MAVe]          Ve - Orden al Mérito Aeronáutico Teniente Carlos Meyer Baldo

[MC]                 Ordre de Notre Dame du Mont-Carmel [-1789]

[MCEs]           Es - Orden del Mérito Civil [1926-]

[MCi]                Ci - Orden al Mérito de Chile [1929-]

[MCo]              Es- Orden del Mérito Constitucional [1988-]

[MCr]               Es - Orden Militar de María Cristina [1890-]

[Me]                   Italia - Ordine della Merita []??

[MEc]               Ec - Orden Nacional al Mérito [1921-]

[MEVe]           Ve - Orden al Mérito del Ejército [1948-]

[MG]                 United Kingdom - Order of St. Michael and St. George []  

[MH]                 Sachsen - Militär-Sankt-Heinrichsorden [1736]       

[Mi]                    Bay - Verdienst-Orden vom heiligen Michael [1693]

[MiA]                Vatikan - Ordine della Milizia Aurata [1841]

[MiSa]              Sar - Ordine Militare di Savoia [1793-1861]

[MiSa]              It - Ordine Militare di Savoia [1861-1945]

[MJ]                   Bayern - Militär-Max-Joseph-Orden [1797]                

[ML]                  Sar - Ordine dei Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro []

[MLx]               Lx - Ordre de Mérite du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg [1961-]
Chevalier Gran-Croix, Grand-Officier, Commandeur, Officier, Chevalier

[MMEs]          Es - Orden del Mérito Militar

[MNEs]           Es - Orden del Mérito Naval [2003-]

[MNVe]          Ve - Orden al Mérito Naval

[Mo]                  Es - Ordén Militar de Montesa [1319]

[MPe]               Pe - Orden al Mérito por Servicios Distinguidos [1950-]

[MRI]               It - Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana [1951]

[MSa]               xIt - Ordine del Merito di Savoia [1988-]

[MT]                 Militär-Maria-Theresien-Orden []

[Mte]                 Frankreich ‑ Ordre de Merite []

[MV]                 Bayern - Militär-Verdienst-Orden [1866]

[MVe]              Ve - Orden del Merito [1864-]

[MW]               Nl - Militaire Willems-Orde [1815-]

[Mx]                  Bayern - Maximiliansorden für Kunst und Wissenschaft [1853]

[Nd]                   SiN - Ordine del Nodo [1352]

[NL]                   Nl - Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw [1815-]

[Nv]                   SiN - Ordine della Nave [1381]

[NS]                   Schweden - Nordstjärneorden

[OP]                  Pl - Order Odrodzenia Polski [1921-]

[OR]                  Fr - Ordres du Roi []

[Orj]                   Nl - Huisorde van Oranje [1905-]

[OrN]                Nl - Orde van Oranje-Nassau [1892-]

[P]                       United Kingdom - Order of St. Patrick []

[P-IX]               Vt - Ordine di Pio IX []

[Q]                      GT - Ordén del Quetzal [1935-]

[Re]                    Mantua - Ordine del Redentore []

[Rés]                 Lx - Ordre de la Résistance 1940-1944 [1946-]
[no knights]

[PM]                  Preußen - Orden pour le mérite []

[RK]                  Sachsen - Orden der Rautenkrone [1807]

[RU]                  Ve -Orden Rafael Urdaneta

[S]                       Schweden - Serafimer-Orden []

[SA]                   Preußen - Orden vom Schwarzen Adler [1701]

[SAg]                San Marino - Ordine di Sant' Agatha []

[SBA]               Br - Imperial Ordem de Săo Bento de Avis [1843-1891]

[SCMx]          Orden Imperial de San Carlos [1865-]

[Sd]                    Sachsen - Sidonienorden [1871]

[SE]                   Fr - Ordre du Saint-Esprit []

[SEH]               Sachsen-Altenburg, Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Sachsen-Meiningen - Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden [1833]

[SF]                   Reale Ordine di San Ferdinando e del Merito [1800-]

[SFEs]             Es - Real y Miltar Orden de San Fernando [1811-]

[SG]                  DS - Insigne e Reale Ordine di San Gennaro []

[SGeo]            Bou - Noble Ordre de Saint Georges [1390-1824]

[SGi]                 Tos - Ordine del Merito Civile e Militare sotto il titulo di San Giuseppe [1807]

[SGÖs]           Ös - Sankt Georgsorden [1469-1598]

[SGR]              DS - Reale e militare Ordine di San Giorgio della Riunione [1819]
Cavaliere di Grazia

[SH]                   Bar - Ordre du Saint-Hubert [1416]

[SHe]                Es - Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo [1814]

[SI]                     Es - Orden Militar de Santiago

[SIPt]                Pt - Ordem Real de Santa Isabel [1801-1910]
xPt = Ordem Real de Santa Isabel [1910-]

[SJ]                     Order of St. John []       

[SJL]                 San Jaime de León []

[SL]                   Frankreich - Ordre de St. Louis []

[SLEc]             Ec - Orden Nacional de San Lorenzo [1909-]

[SLJ]                 Ordre de Saint-Lazare de Jérusalem [1154-1789]

[SLPar]           Par - Ordine del Merito di San Lodovico [1836-1859]

[SLPar]           xPar - Ordine del Merito di San Lodovico [1859-]

[SM]                  Frankreich -Orde de St. Michel []

[SMC]             ? - Sacrae Militiae Christianae []

[SMCi]            Ci - Condecoración Servicios Meritorios a la República [1985-]

[SML]              pEs - Orden militar de Santa María del Lirio de Navarra

[SMVz]           Ordine di San Marco della Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia []
[SO] Norge - Köngl. Orden von St. Olav []

[So]                    Pe - Orden del Sol [1821-]

[SP]                   Vt - Ordine di San Paolo [1527-1528]

[SPe]                 Pe -Orden del Sol del Perú [1821-1825, 1921-]

[SpO]               Vt - Ordine dello Speron d’ Oro [1367]

[SPP]                Vt - Ordine di Santi Pietro e Paolo [1528]

[SPt]                  Vt - Ordine di San Pietro [1520-1528]

[SRP]               Es - Orden de San Raimundo de Peńafort [1944-]

[SSi]                  Vatikan - Ordine di San Silvestro Papa []

[SSp]                - Ordine del Santo Spirito []

[SSt]                  Toscana - Ordine di Santo Stefano [1561]

[St]                     Gr - Tágma tou Sotéros [1829-]

[StA]                 Aragón - Stola Amprisia [±1450-]

[StK]                 Österreich - Sternkreuzorden []

[StPl]                Pl - Order Śweta Stanisława [1765-, 1990-]

[Sv]                    Schweden - Svärdsorden

[Sw]                   ? - Schwanenorden []   

[SZV]               Sachsen - Civilverdienstorden [1815]         

[T]                       Scotland/ Great Britain/ United Kingdom - Order of the Thistle []     

[Th]                    Bay - Theresienorden [1827]

[Tp]                   - Templerorden []

[Tr]                     Baden - Hausorden der Treue [1715]

[TS]                   Pt - Torre e Spada []

[Un]                   ? - Ordre de l' Union []                     

[UP]                   Dk - Ordre de l’ union parfaite [1732-1770]

[V]                      United Kingdom - Victorian Order []

[Vl]                     Russland - Wladimir-Orden []

[VM]                 Pl - Order Virtuti Militari

[VNB]              Pa - Ordén de Vasco Núńez de Balboa [1941-]

[VV]                  Pt - Ordem de Nossa Senhora da Conceiçăo de Vila Viçosa [1818-]

[VVe]               It - Ordine di Vittorio Veneto [1968-2010]

[W]                     Hannover - Welfenorden

[Wa]                  Schweden - Wasaorden

[ZL]                   Baden - Orden vom Zähringer Löwen [1812]

 

Teil 2: Staaten und ihre Orden

                               zum Teil 1: Abkürzungen der Ordensnamen

 

Anhalt

AB                      Hausorden Albrechts des Bären [1836]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

Ara                    Aragón

[JG]                    Orden de la Jarra y el Grifo [1410-]

[JA]                    Orden de San Jorge de Alfama [1201-1400]; united with [Mo]

StA                     Stola Amprisia [±1450-]
Caballero

Baden

B1                        Orden Bertholds I. von Zähringen [1877]
Ritter

Fi                          Orden de la Fidelité [1715] č Hausorden der Treue [?1803]
Ritter

KF                       Militär-Karl-Friedrichs-Verdienstorden [1807]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

Tr                         Hausorden der Treue [?1803] ç Orden de la Fidelité [1715]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur /Komtur, Ritter, Dame = Prinzessinnenkreuz

ZL                       Orden vom Zähringer Löwen [1812]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

[Bar]

SH                       Ordre du Saint-Hubert [1416]
Chevalier

Bay - Bayern

[A]                      St. Annenorden []
Ehrendame

[BK]                  Verdienst-Orden der Bayerischen Krone [1808]
Großkreuzitter, Großkomtur, Kommandeur, Ritter

[E]                       Sankt-Elisabeth-Orden [1766]

[HG]                  Haus-Ritterorden vom heiligen Georg []
Großmeister, Erster Großprior, Zweiter Großprior, Großkomtur, Komtur, Ritter

H                          St. Hubertusorden [1444]
Großkommendeur, Ritter

Mi                        Verdienst-Orden vom heiligen Michael [1693]
Großkreuzritter, Großkomtur, Kommandeur, Ritter

MJ                       Militär-Max-Joseph-Orden [1797]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

MV                     Militär-Verdienst-Orden [1866]
Großkreuzritter, Großkomtur, Komtur, Ritter

Mx                      Maximiliansorden für Kunst und Wissenschaft [1853]
Großmeister, Ritter

Th                        Theresienorden [1827]

pBay - Haus Wittelsbach

[HG]                  Haus-Ritterorden vom heiligen Georg []
Großmeister, Erster Großprior, Zweiter Großprior, Großkomtur, Komtur, Ritter

Belgien

[CB]                  Ordre de la Couronne de Belgique
Grand Officier, Chevalier

[LB]                   Ordre du Lion Belge.
Commandeur.

[Lp]                    Leopoldsorden [1832]
Chevalier Grand Croix, Commandeur, Grand Officier, Officier, Chevalier

[Lp2]                 Leopold II.
Chevalier Grand Croix, Chevalier

Bo - Bolivien

CA                      Orden del Cóndor de los Andes [1925-]
Gran Maestre, Caballero Gran Collar, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

                       Böhmen

[CRS]              Ritterorden der Kreuzherren mit dem roten Stern [1233-], Lt= Ordo militaris crucigerorum cum rubea stella, Cz= Rytířský řád křižovniků s červeniu hvězdou.
Meister /Großmeister /Hochmeister, Ritter

Bou - Burgund

[SGeo]            Noble Ordre de Saint Georges [1390-1824]

Br                        Brasilien

Co                       Orden des Columbus [1890]
Cavalleiro Gră Cruz, Dignitôbrio, Oficial, Cavalleiro

Cz                        Ordem Imperial do Cruzeiro [1820]
Cavalleiro Gră Cruz, Dignitôbrio /Dignitario, Oficial, Cavalleiro

MAB                 Ordem do Merito Agricola do Brasil []
Oficial

P1                        Orden Pedros I. [1826]
Cavalleiro Gră Cruz, Comandante, Cavalleiro

R                          Orden der Rose [1829]                     
Cavalleiro Gră Cruz, Gran Dignitôbrio, Dignitôbrio, Comandante, Oficial, Cavalleiro

[SBA]               Imperial Ordem de Săo Bento de Avis [1843-1891]
Cavaleiro Gră Cruz, Dignitário, Comendador, Oficial, Cavaleiro

Braunschweig

HL                       Orden Heinrichs des Löwen [1834]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

Bulgarien

A                          St. Alexanderorden [1878/1881]
[Großkreuzritter], [Großoffizier], [Kommandeur], [Offizier], [Ritter]

..                           Militärorden für Tapferkeit im Kriege
[Großkreuzritter], [Komtur], [Ritter]

Cas                    Castilia De= Kastilien

[Ba]                    Orden de la Caballeria de la Banda [1332-1474]
Caballero

Ci                        Chile

[BH]                  Oden de Bernardo O’Higgins [1956-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

[GM]                 Orden al Mérito Docente y Cultural Gabriela Mistral [1977-]
Gran Oficial, Gran Comendador, Caballero

[LMCi]            Legión de Mérito de Chile [1817-1825]
Gran Oficial, Oficial, Suboficial, Legionario

[MCi]                Orden al Mérito de Chile [1929-]
Caballeo de Collar, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

[SMCi]            Condecoración Servicios Meritorios a la República [1985-]
Gran oficial, Comendador, Caballero

Cu                       Cuba

[CMC]             Orden Nacional de Mérito „Carlos Manuel de Céspedes“ [1926-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

Cy                       Cyprus

[Ch]                   Ordre de Chypre [1195-1571]; /Ordre de l’ Epée /Ordre du Silence.
Chevalier

Dänemark

Da                        Dannebrogordenen [1219]
Storkommandřr, Storkorsridder, Kommandřr, Ridder

El                          Elefantordenen [1462]
Ridder

[UP]                   Ordre de l’ union parfaite [1732-1770]
Ridder /Dame

DS - Due Sicilie

[Cn]                   Sacro militare Ordine Constantiano di San Giorgio; De= Konstantin-Orden

[DS]                   Reale Ordine delle Due Sicilie [1808-1819]
Dignitario, Commendatore, Cavaliere

[F-I]                   Reale Ordine di Francesco I. [1829-]
Cavaliere di Gran Cordone [1858-], Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere, Cavaliere di II. Classe [1858-]

[SF]                   Reale Ordine di San Ferdinando e del Merito [1800-]
Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere

[SG]                  Insigne e Reale Ordine di San Gennaro []
Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Grand’ Ufficiale, Commendatore, Ufficiale, Cavaliere

[SGR]              Reale e militare Ordine di San Giorgio della Riunione [1819-]
Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere di Diritto, Cavaliere di Grazia.

Ec - Ekuador

[MEc]               Orden Nacional al Mérito [1921-]
Caballero del Collar, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

[SLEc]             Orden Nacional de San Lorenzo [1909-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Comendador, Caballero

[HVEc]           Orden Nacional Honorato Vásquez [1985-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Comendador, Caballero

Sv - El Salvador

JMD                   Ordén de José Matías Delgado
Caballero Gran Cruz Placa de Plata

En - England

HS                       Order of the Holy Sepulchre [1174-1534]

Fr - Frankreich

AL                       Ordre des Arts et des Lettres []
Commandeur

[Cam]               Ordre du Camail [1394-Ł1600]; /Ordre du Porc-Épic.
Chevalier

[CGe]               Ordre de la Cosse de Genęt []; /Cosse-Geneste.
Chevalier

[FL]                   Ordre de la Flor de Lis de la Vendée []

H                          Ordre du Saint-Hubert [1786]

[LH]                   Ordre de la Légion d'Honneur [1791]
Chevalier Grand Aigle, Chevalier Grand Croix, Grand Officier, Commandeur, Officier, Chevalier

MA                     Ordre du Mérite Agricole []
Chevalier

Mte                     Ordre de Mérite []
Grand Commandeur, Commandeur

SM                      Ordre du Saint-Michel [1469]
Chevalier

SE                       Ordre du Saint-Esprit [1578]
Commandeur, Chevalier

SL                       Ordre du Saint-Louis [1693]
Chevalier Grand Croix, Commandeur, Chevalier

SLJ                     Ordre de Saint-Lazare de Jérusalem [1154-1608]

MC                     Ordre de Notre Dame du Mont-Carmel [-1789]

Gr - Griechenland

[St]                     Tágma tou Sotéros [1829-]; De= Erlöserorden En= Order of the Redeemer
Megalóstauros [Großkreuzritter], Anóteros  [Großkommandeur], Taxiárches [Komtur], Dioiketés, Ippótes

Großbritannien

B                           Order of the Bath [1399 & 1725]
Sovereign, Grand Master, Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander, Knight

G                          Order of the Garter [1350]
Sovereign, Knight, Lady

IE                         Order of the Indian Empire [1878]
Sovereign, Grand Master, Knight Grand Commander, Knight Commander

MG                     Order of Saint Michael and Saint George [1807]
Sovereign, Grand Master, Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander

P                           Order of Saint Patrick [1783]
Sovereign, Grand Master, Knight

SI                         Order of the Star of India [1861]
Sovereign, Grand Master, Knight Grand Commander, Knight Commander, Knight

T                           Order of the Thistle [1687]
Sovereign, Knight

V                          Royal Victorian Order []
Sovereign, Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander

Gt - Guatemala

Q                          Ordén del Quetzal [1935-]
Caballero del Collar, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

Hannover

EA                       Ernst-August-Orden [1865]
Großkreuritter, Komtur, Ritter

Gg                       By - St. Georgsorden [1839]
Ritter

W                         Welfenorden [1815]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

Hawaii

CH                      Order of the Crown of Hawaii [1882]
Knight Grand Cross, Great Officer, Commander, Officer

K1                       Order of King Kalakaua I. [1874]
Knight Grand Cross, Great Officer, Commander

KM                     Order of Merit [King Kamehameha I.] [1865]
Knight Grand Cross, Commander, Knight Companion

KO                      Order of King Kapiolani [1880]
Knight Grand Cross, Great Officer, Commander, Officer

SO                      Order of the Star of Oceania [1886]
Knight Grand Cross, Great Officer, Commander, Officer

Hessen

EH                       Orden vom eisernen Helm [1814]
Großkreuzritter

GL                      Hausorden vom goldenen Löwen [1770]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

Lw                       Ludwigsorden [1807]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

Ph                        Verdienstorden Philipps des Großmütigen [1940]
Großkreuzritter, Komtur, Ritter

Wi                       Wilhelmsorden []
Großkreuritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

Hohenlohe

Px                        Ritterorden vom Phönix [1770]
Ritter

Hn - Honduras

SR                       Ordén Militar de Santa Rosa [1868-1876]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Caballero Gran Oficial, Caballero Comandante, Caballero Oficial, Caballero

JCV                    Ordén Civil de José Cecilio del Valle [1957-]
Caballero Gran Collar, Caballero Gran Cruz Placa de Oro, Caballero Gran Cruz Placa de Plata, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

Island

IF                         Ordenen den islandske Falk [1921]              
Storkorsridder, Storridder, Ridder

It - Italien

[An]                   Ordine Supremo delle Santissima Annunziata [1861-1944]; ç Sar č xIt
Capo e Sovrano, Cavaliere
ipso facto Cavaliere di Gran Croce [CI, ML]

[CI]                    Ordine della Corona d' Italia [1868-1946] č xIt
Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Grande Ufficiale, Commendatore, Ufficiale, Cavaliere.

[ML]                  Ordine degli Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro [1816]
Cavaliere di Gran Croce

[MRI]               Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana [1951]
Cavaliere di Gran Cordone, Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Grande Ufficiale, Commendatore, Ufficiale, Cavaliere

[MiSa]              Ordine Militare di Savoia [1861-1945] ç Sar
Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Grand’ Uffociale [1815-], Commendatore, Ufficiale [1815-], Cavaliere

[VVe]               Ordine di Vittorio Veneto [1968-2010]
Capo, Cavaliere

xIt - Italien

[Jülich-Berg]

H                          St. Hubertusorden [1444]

Co - Kolumbien Colombia

Bo                       Orden de Boyacá [1818-]
Gran Maestre, Caballero Gran Cruz Extraordinaria, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Caballero de la Cruz de Plata, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

Lothringen

H                          Ordre du Saint-Hubert [1718]

Lx - Luxembourg

[AN]                  Herzoglich Nasauischer Miltär- und Civil-Verdienst-Orden Adolphs von Nassau [1858-]
Großkreuzritter, Komtur I. Klasse, Komtur II. Klasse, Ritter

[CC]                  Ordre de la Couronne de Chęne [1841-]
Chevalier Grand-Croix, Grand-Officier, Commandeur, Officier, Chevalier

[GL]                  Orden vom Goldenen Löwen des Hauses Nassau [1858-]

[MLx]               Ordere de Mérite du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg [1961-]
Chevalier Gran-Croix, Grand-Officier, Commandeur, Officier, Chevalier

[Rés]                 Ordre de la Résistance 1940-1944 [1946-]
[no knights]

Malteserorden

[M]                     Sovrane Militare Ordine di Malta
It= Cavaliere d’ Onore e Devozione

Mantua

Re                        Ordine del Redentore []
Cavaliere

Mecklenburg

[Wk]                  Orden der Wendenkrone

Mx           Mexico

[AM]                 Orden Imperial del Aguila Mexicana [1865-]
Gran Maestre, Caballero con Collar, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Official, Comendador; Oficial, Caballero

[Gu]                   Orden Imperial de Guadalupe [1822-]
Gran Maestre, Caballero Gran Cruce, Caballero

[Gu]                   Orden de Guadalupe [1853-]
Gran Mestre, Caballero Gran Cruz, Comendador, Cabellero

[Gu]                   Orden Imperial de Guadalupe [1865-]
Jefe Soberano y Gran Maestre, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Offcial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

[SCMx]          Orden Imperial de San Carlos [1865-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Caballero / Dama

                               Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca [1933-]

 

Nl                        Nederland De= Niederlande

[MW]               Militaire Willems-Orde [1815-]
Riider Grootkruis, Commandeur, Officier, Ridder

[NL]                   Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw [1815-]
Grootmester, Ridder Grootkruis, Commandeur, Ridder

[OrN]                Orde van Oranje-Nassau [1892-]
Ridder Grootkruis, Grootofficier, Commandeur, Officier, Ridder.

[Orj]                   Huisorde van Oranje [1905-]
Ridder Grootkruis, Ridder Groot Erekruis, Ridder Erekruis

Norwegen

SO                      Kgl. Orden von St. Olav []

Oldenburg

HVO                 Haus- und Verdienstorden für das Großherzogtum Oldenburg [1838-1918]
Großkreuzitter, Großkomtur, Komtur, Ritter

Ös                       Österreich

EKr                     Orden der Eisernen Krone [1816]
Ritter 1. Klasse, Ritter 2. Klasse, Ritter 3. Klasse

Eli                        Elisabeth-Orden [1898-1918]
Großkreuzdame, Dame 1. Klasse, Dame 2. Klasse

ET                       Elisabeth-Orden [1750] č Elisabeth-Theresien-Orden [1771]
Ritter

FJ                         Franz-Josephs-Orden [1849]
Großkreuzritter, Komtur, Ritter (Kleinkreuzritter)

Lp                        Leopoldsorden [1808]
Großkreuzritter, Kommandeur, Ritter

MT                     Militär-Maria-Theresien-Orden [1757]
Großkreuzritter, Komtur, Ritter (Kleinkreuzritter)

StK                     Sternkreuzorden [1668]
Dame

Pa - Panama

VNB                  Ordén de Vasco Núńez de Balboa [1941-]
Caballero Gran Cruz Extraordinaria, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Caballero

Par - Parma

[CSG]              Sacro Imperiale Angelico Ordine Costantiniano di San Georgio [1816]
seit 1845:
Senatore di Gran Croce con Collana, Senatore di Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere di I classe, Cavaliere di II classe

[SLPar]           Ordine del Merito di San Lodovico [1836-1859]
Cavaliere Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere di I Clase, Cavaliere di II Clase

xPar - Parma

[SLPar]           Ordine del Merito di San Lodovico [1859-]
Cavaliere Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere di I Clase, Cavaliere di II Clase

Pe - Peru

S                           Orden El Sol de Perú [1821-]
Caballero Gran Cruz con Brillantes, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

MPe                   Orden al Mérito por Servicios Distinguidos [1950-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

JGP                    Orden al Mérito del Servicio Diplomático de la República del Perú José Gregorio Paz Soldán [2007-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

Pfalz-Neuburg

H                          St. Hubertusorden [1444]

Pl              Polen

[BO]                  Order Orła Białego [1705-1831]; De= Orden vom Weißen Adler č Ru [1831-1917] č Pl [1921-]
Kawaler

[OP]                  Order Odrodzenia Polski [1921-]; De= Orden der Wiedergeburt Polens Lt= Polonia Restituta
Kawaler Krzyż Wielki, Komandor z Gwiazdą, Komandor, Oficer, Kawaler

[StPl]                Order Śweta Stanisława [1765-, 1990-]
Kawaler Krzyż Wielki, Kawaler

[VM]                 Order Virtuti Militari
Kawaler

Ös            Österreich

[SGÖs]           Sankt Georgsorden [1469–1598]

Pt             Portugal

Av                       Ordem de San Benito de Avis

Cs                        Ordem de Christo [1318]
Cavalleiro, Comandante

SIPt                    Ordem Real de Santa Isabell [1801-1910]
Dama

TS                       Torre e Espada []
Cavalleiro Gran Cruz, Comandante

VV                      Ordem de Nossa Senhora da Conceiçăo de Vila Viçosa [1818-]
Cavalleiro Gran Cruz, Comandante, Cavaleiro.

xPt                      Portugal, Haus Bragança

SIPt                    Ordem Real de Santa Isabell [1910-]
Dama

Preußen

RA                      Orden vom Roten Adler []

[SA]                   Preußen - Orden vom Schwarzen Adler [1701]
[Oberhaupt Souverän und] Meister, Ritter

Ru                       Russland

[BO]                  Orden Belogo Orla [1731-1917]; De= Orden vom Weißen Adler ç Pl č Pl

K                          Katharinenorden []
Dama

Sachsen

MH                     Militär-Sankt-Heinrichsorden [1736]
Großkreuzritter, [Kommandeur,]KommandeurI, KommandeurII, Ritter

RK                      Orden der Rautenkrone [1807]
Großmeister, Ritter

SZV                   Civilverdienstorden [1815]
Großkreuzritter, KomturI, KomturII, [Ritter,] RitterI, [Kleinkreuzritter; Ehrenkreuzritter], RitterII

Al                         Albrechtsorden [1850]
Großkreuzritter, KomturI, KomturII, Ritter, Kleinkreuzritter

Si                          Sidonienorden [1871]
Großkordondame, Dame

Sachsen-Altenburg, Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Sachsen-Meiningen

SEH                   Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden [1833]
Großkreuzritter, Komtur [1. Klasse, 2. Klasse], Ritter 1864č Ritter [1. Klasse, 2. Klasse]

San Marino

SAg                    Ordine di Sant' Agatha []
Cavaliere di gran croce

Sar - Sardinien

[An]                   Ordine Supremo delle Santissima Annunziata [1720-1861]; ç Sav č It

[MiSa]              Ordine Militare di Savoia [1793-1861] č It
Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Grand’ Uffociale [1815-], Commendatore, Ufficiale [1815-], Cavaliere

SF                       Ordine della San Ferdinando.

Sav - Savoyen

[Col]                  Ordine del Collare [1360 /1362-1518], De= Halsbandorden, Lt= Collaruis Sabaudiae; č [An]
Cavaliere

[An]                   Ordine Supremo delle Santissima Annunziata [1518-1720]; č Sar
Cavaliere

S                           Orden von Savoyen
Chevalier

Se             Schweden

[C-XIII]          Konung Carls XIII:s Orden []

[S]                       Serafimer-Orden []
Kommendör, Riddare

[NS]                   Nordstjärneorden []
Storkordriddare, Kommendör, Riddare

[Sv]                    Svärdsorden []
Storkorsriddare, Kommendör, Riddare

[Wa]                  Wasaorden []
Storkorsriddare, Kommendör, Riddare

Sic            Sizilien

[LC]                   Ordine della Luna Crescente [1268-~1351]; Fr= Ordre du Croissant En= Ordre of the Crescent

[LC]                   Ordine della Luna Crescente [1448-1460]; Fr= Ordre du Croissant En= Ordre of the Crescent

[SFM]              Ordine di San Fernando e delle Merite [1800]
Cavaliere Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere

[SG]                  Ordine di San Gennaro [1738]
Gran Maestro, Cavaliere Gran Croce, Cavaliere.

SiN                     Sizilien in Neapel

[Er]                     SiN - Ordine dell’Ermellino [1488]
Cavaliere.

[Nd]                   SiN - Ordine del Nodo [1352]

[Nv]                   SiN - Ordine della Nave [1381] /Ordine degli Argonauti di San Nicola.
Cavaliere

Es - Spanien

[A-X]                Orden Civil de Alfonso X. el Sabio [1902-]
Gran Mestre, Caballero del Collar, Caballero Gran Cruz, Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, Caballero

[Ac]                   Ordén de Alcántara
Caballero

[Af]                    Orden de Africa [1933-]
Gran Oficial, Comendador, Oficial, [Medalla de Plata]

[Be]                    Orden de la Beneficencia [1856-]

[Ci]                     Orden de Cisneros [1944-]
Gran Maestre, Caballero de Gran Collar, Caballero Gran Cruz, Caballero de Banda, Encomienda=Comendador, Caballero de Lazo, Caballero [Cruz].

[Cv]                   Ordén de Calatrava
Caballero

[C-III]              Real y Illustre Ordén de Carlos III. [1771]
Caballero del Collar, Caballero Gran Cruz, Comandante, Caballero

[IC]                    Real Orden de Isabel la Católica [1815-]
Oficial, Caballero

[MAEs]           Orden del Mérito Aeronáutico [2003-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Caballero

[MAgEs]        Orden Civil del Mérito Agricola

[MaL]               Real Orden de la Reina María Luisa [1792-1808, 1816-]
Dama

[MCEs]           Orden del Mérito Civil [1926-]
Gran Maestre, Caballero /Dama del Collar, Caballero /Dama Gran Cruz, Encomienda de Número, Encomienda, Oficial, Caballero/Dama

[MCo]              Orden del Mérito Constitucional [1988-]

[MMEs]          Orden del Mérito Militar [2003-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Caballero

[MNEs]           Orden del Mérito Naval [2003-]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Caballero

[Mo]                  Ordén Militar de Montesa [1319]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Caballero

[REs]                Orden Real de Espańa [1808-1813]

[SFEs]             Real y Miltar Orden de San Fernando [1811-]
Soberano, Gran Mestre, Caballero /Dama Gran Cruz, Caballero /Dama

[SHe]                Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo [1814]

[SI]                     Orden Militar de Santiago de Espada [1310]
Caballero Gran Cruz, Comandante, Caballero.

[SRP]               Orden de San Raimundo de Peńafort [1944-]

[MCr]               Orden Militar de María Cristina [1890-]
Jefe y Soberano, Caballero Gran Cruz, Caballero 3a clase, Caballero 2a clase, Caballero 1a clase

pEs          Spanien

[SML]              Orden militar de Santa María del Lirio de Navarra
Caballero del Collar

Toscana

[SGi]                 Ordine del Merito Civile e Militare sotto il titulo di San Giuseppe [1807]
Gran Mestro, Cavaliere Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere

[SSt]                  Sacro Militare Ordine di Santo Stefano Papa e Martine [1561]
Gran Maestro, Cavaliere Milito di Giustizia, Cavaliere Sacerdoto di Obbedienza, Cavaliere

[SSt]                  Ordine dei Cavalieri di Santo Stefano [1815-1859]
Priore di Gran Croce, Balě di Gran Croce, Commendatore, Cavaliere di Giustizia, Cavaliere di Grazia

Hu                       Ungarn

I                             Szent István Rend [1764]
Nagykereszti Lovag De= Großkreuzritter, Középkereszti Lovag De=Kommandeur (Mittelkreuz), Lovag De= Ritter (Kleinkreuzritter)

Vatikan

Cr                        Ordine Supremo del Cristo []
Cavaliere

MiA                    Ordine della Milizia Aurata [1841] ç SpO č SSi.
Cavaliere

P-IX                   Ordine di Pio IX.; sive Ordine Piano [1847-]
Cavaliere/Dama di Collare, Cavaliere di Gran Croce [mit erbl. Adel], Commendatore con Placca, Commendatore [mit pers. Adel], Cavaliere/Dama

Pi                          Ordine Piano [1559-]
Cavaliere

SGM                 Ordine di San Gregorio Magno [1831]     
Cavaliere di gran croce, Cavaliere I. Klasse, Cavaliere II. Klasse, Commendatore, Cavaliere

SP                       Ordine di San Paolo [1527-1528]
Cavaliere

SpO                   Ordine dello Speron d’ Oro [1367] č MiA č Ssi
[Es= Espuela dorada]
Cavaliere

SPP                    Ordine di San Pietro e Paolo [1528]
Cavaliere

SPt                      Ordine di San Pietro [1520-1528]
Cavaliere

[SSH]               Ordo Equestris Sancti Sepulcri Hierosolymitani [-1400]
De= Orden vom Heiligen Grab
Cavaliere

SSi                      Ordine Aurato di San Silvestro Papa e dello Speron d’ Oro [1905] ç MiA ç SpO.
Commendatore, Cavaliere

Ve - Venezuela

[MVe]              Ve - Orden del Merito [1864-]

[MAVe]          Ve - Orden al Mérito Aeronáutico Teniente Carlos Meyer Baldo

[MNVe]          Ve - Orden al Mérito Naval

[MEVe]           Ve - Orden al Mérito del Ejército [1948-]

[Lib]                  Orden del Libertador

[27J]                  Orden 27 de Junio

[FMVe]           Orden Francisco de Miranda
Caballero Gran Cruz

[JAP]                Orden José Antonio Páez

[RU]                  Orden Rafael Urdaneta

Vz -Venezia

[SMVz]           Ordine di San Marco della Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia []
Cavaliere

xIt - Haus Savoyen

[An]                   Supremo Ordine delle Santissima Annunziata [1944-]; ç It
Capo e Sovrano, Cavaliere

[CI]                    Ordine della Corona d' Italia [1946-1983] ç It č Ordine del Merito di Savoia [1988-]
Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Grande Ufficiale, Commendatore, Ufficiale, Cavaliere.a

[MSa]  Ordine del Merito di Savoia [1988-]
Cavaliere /Dame di Gran Croce, Grande Ufficiale, Commendatore /Dame di Commenda, Ufficiale, Canaliere / Dame

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